We proudly help create families everyday. Let us turn your dream into reality!

IVF Treatment

All You Need to Know About IVF Treatment

When it comes to understanding IVF, it’s easy to get confused. After all, few parts of the world of pregnancy are so new, or as rapidly changing, like that of In Vitro Fertility Treatment. If you are someone who wants to consider undergoing this kind of treatment, then it pays to invest more time into learning about it as a process.

When you learn more about this vital process, it will soon become much easier to take it on as part of your life. In this article, we’ll cover as much information as we can about this unique form of pregnancy.

Let’s take a closer look at In-Vitro pregnancy overall. 

Getting to grips with your In-Vitro Pregnancy decision

Your Fertility journey | DunyaIVF 

While IVF has undergone many changes since it first arrived in 1978, it’s developed to the point where today In-Vitro pregnancies are incredibly sophisticated.

With the process becoming ever-more refined as time has gone on, Fertility Treatment is now much easier to go through. 

The first and most important feeling you can have, though, is that you are ready to move forward.

There are many reasons to consider undergoing this fertility treatment.

We’ll look at some of those reasons as this guide presses on. For now, though, it’s important to make sure that you feel confident in undergoing this kind of treatment: this article will try to provide you with the knowledge you need to feel that confidence.  

Just like having a child in any other circumstance, there has to be total certainty that you are ready for having a child. The process may be different, but the end result is the same: a baby to call your own. 

Undergoing Fertility Treatment

Should you choose to undergo fertility treatment, it pays to know what the process actually entails. As you might already have found out, for some people standard intercourse is not enough to bring about pregnancy or conception. Either male or female can be the cause – or both. 

Low sperm quality or low sperm counts can often be the cause of infertility. By using microinjection, IVF therapy looks to make sure that, rather than the 15-million sperm cells used to try and make just one sperm cell succeed, just one single sperm is needed.

The earliest development in this industry came in the early 1950s when John Rock made the ‘error’ of extracting an intact, fertilised egg. By the late 1950s, Worcester Foundation scientific expert Min Cheuh Chang proved that in vitro fertilization was a possibility, by using the system to give birth to a baby rabbit.

What is IVF exactly?

Is a unique form of fertilisation. In this process, you use a formulated, manual combination of an egg and sperm into a laboratory dish.

From there, it is taken and then transferred to the uterus. The embryo is then grown in many ways like a typical baby, allowing the pregnancy process to carry on like any other child.

Even if the steps of the treatment can be a little bit confusing, you will find that you need to undergo the following processes:

  • Hormone Stimulation: To begin, medication is provided to help stimulate the production of new eggs. When possible, multiple eggs are desired to help maximise the chances of development afterwards. After this has taken place, a transvaginal ultrasound will take place. This is used to help look closer at the ovaries, as well as any collected blood test samples. At this stage, it’s likely that the process can continue forward. 
  • Collecting Eggs: The next phase of the process, collecting the egg, is carried out first by removal of the eggs. To do this, anaesthetics are usually used to help reduce any discomfort. During the operation, the expert on-hand will use ultrasound images as a guide. On the same day, the male is asked to produce a sample of sperm, which is prepared for combination with the eggs. 
  • Fertilization: After the above process has been carried out, the mother candidate’s eggs will be fertilized with father candidate’s sperm. Afterwards, this is cultured in the laboratory for 16–20 hours, after which checks for signs of fertilisation will take place. 
  • Embryo Transfer: At this stage, some quality embryos will be transferred to the mother candidates’ uterus. The embryos will at this point be transferred to the uterus. This process can take three or five days. After this catheter or small tube is inserted into the uterus to transfer the embryos.

What does IVF mean, though?

Your Fertility journey | DunyaIVF

As described by the National Health Service (NHS), IVF is “one of several techniques available to help people with fertility problems to have a baby.”

Is a significant step forward in the process, and plays a significant role in helping you better understand that having a child is possible.

Now that we know a little bit more about the general process, it might be useful to look at how this treatment operates.

The more that you can learn about the treatment now, the less stressful the whole experience shall feel as time goes on and you learn more about the treatment as a whole.

While it can feel daunting at first, there is no reason to feel like you cannot make the most of the treatment. If you follow this guide, you’ll fully understand it before you get involved with the next part of the process.

All Your Questions About IVF Are Answered Right Here

Download a FREE copy of our new eBook IVF 101: A Complete Guide to Assisted Reproduction“. Everything from the history of IVF, to the various types of treatments, to the latest in assisted reproductive technology is detailed in this eBook

How does IVF work?

Step by step how In Vitro Fertility works

As mentioned so far, IVF works by going outside of the body to make a natural process take place.

If your body, or bodies, are unable to make the process work normally, then IVF can be the solution required. 

This process mixes the egg of the mother candidate with the sperm of the father candidate. When this is done, it produced a significantly higher chance of creation. 

Typically, this process will take around 20 days – though it can be as short as 16 in some cases. Depending on the protocol chosen, long or short, you will have a different waiting time. You will need to go through an extensive period of health check-ups to make sure that you are both going to be successful candidates for the treatment.

Analysis and testing become so vital if you want to make sure that you get a Treatment that works.

Such preparation will put you in a more optimal condition to deal with everything that will come as a result of participating in this process.

Based on the results that you get back, In vitro Fertility Treatment will either be agreed upon or alternatives will be sought.

So, how does this work within the body itself? How can you ensure that treatment is a success?

The first thing to try and understand is that there is no guarantee of this kind of treatment.

Your age, your health, and your uterus condition will play a major role in deciding what happens next. The success is also determined by the quality of treatment and equipment used.

For this reason, it always pays off to invest more time in finding not only the right clinic but the right practitioner.

Understanding the process

Couples conceiving rates

At the moment, IVF becomes recommended for women or men who suffer from fertility problems. Some of the most commonly associated fertility problems that might come up for a woman would include:

  • Uterus problems that could harm the development at those vital early phases. 
  • Hormonal limitations that can make it hard to produce good quality eggs. 
  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes that may make natural conception difficult. 
  • Women who have suffered from and live with Endometriosis.
  • Otherwise unexplained or undiagnosed fertility issues.

Each of these problems can naturally sound quite terrifying. However, it’s worth noting that men can also have fertility problems, which might include issues such as:

  • Low sperm count, meaning that there is not enough sperm produced to be fertile. 
  • Poor sperm movement, suggesting that nobody wins the ‘sperm race’ during conception. 
  • Problems with erectile strength or quality, reducing the chances of conception. 
  • Suffering from azoospermia, reducing your chances of success. 
  • Physical injury and/or trauma otherwise to the testicles or scrotum.

However, it’s also important to note that previous studies show both partners can be the cause. With around a 40/40/20 (both) split, it’s hard always to accept the limitations of your own body.

With this in mind, you need to be able to appreciate what is going on, as it will help both participants prepare for the numerous challenges that you are likely to face as time goes on. 

How is the procedure normally?

Step by step IVF procedure

So, now that you hopefully feel more confident in knowing what the procedure entails, it’s time to take a closer look at the process. 

  1. First off, you will need to meet with a proven IVF specialist. You wouldn’t go to a non-specialist for any other kind of treatment, so don’t make that mistake with this therapy. Start by going to meet up with a specialist, and you’ll go through a series of different tests and discussions. Such assistance is likely to produce better results and allows both parties to know where they stand. 
  2. Once you go through this initial meeting, you’ll undergo medication that inhibits your natural menstrual cycle. Medication is vital, as it ensures that your two-stage program is more likely to achieve success. You’ll usually use both a daily injection that you will self-use. Such treatment lasts for around two weeks. 
  3. Next, the medical team will look to make sure that your egg supply is suitably strong enough for the next phase of the process. This means taking follicle stimulating hormone, or FSH. It helps to increase the number of eggs that your ovaries are capable of producing, increasing the chance of fertilisation. 
  4. At this point, you’ll often undergo a progress analysis and evaluation of how things are going, usually involving ultrasound scans and blood tests to ensure that everything feels normal. You’ll also go through another hormonal injection usually to help speed up the process. 
  5. Afterward, your eggs will be collected during a sedated treatment session. This won’t take long and is far less damaging or discomforting than it might sound just now. Once the eggs are collected, they will be prepped to fuse with the sperm from the partner or donor in a lab. When this is carried out, they are allowed to inseminate in their own specific incubator. 
  6. Lastly, the embryo is transferred to the body. The transfer will take place using a catheter tube, and this will make sure that the process is quick, painless and usually free from sedatives. Various factors will determine the egg quantity taken, though, so there is no exact plan in place for this section. It’s entirely down to your circumstance. 

What happens during the treatment that might be different from the above?

Increase your chances of conception 

While most medical procedures can be standardised and consistent, In-Vitro Fertility Treatment is nothing of the sort.

If you want to know what happens during In vitro Fertility Treatment that is different from the above, it’s hard to say for sure.

Your age, your health and even just luck will play a major role in determining what steps might be added or removed from your treatment plan.

Don’t let that put you off though: pregnancy is a unique and personal journey. Even with the help of the fertility treatment to work out any bumps along the way, there still will be new challenges to overcome. Even with the powerful and effective forms of this treatment available, there will always be changes to the formula based on your own needs.

However, the majority of fertility processes will follow the above. If you feel you require further details about what your treatment might entail, though, you can receive further information during a free consultation.

The IVF Timeline: From Start to Finish

The timeline can be quite hard to work out at first, and understanding it from start to finish is so important.

This is a long-term process and can mean that you have a lot of time spent researching about treatment options. While stress isn’t the primary factor on fertility success as previously suggested, it’s crucial that you have all the information that you need at hand to feel comfortable.

The more that you can do to feel in control of the whole situation, the better the long-term chances of success are for your treatment. Typically, then, the treatment process is going to take around three weeks. 

This will involve all of the necessary testings to take place and to ensure that your body is ready to deal with the physical changes and challenges which are set to come in the near future.

More importantly, you will need to add at least another two weeks on for various factors. This includes both your pregnancy test, which will add extra time outside of the testing cycle. The first part of the cycle, before starting your treatment, will take around four weeks: this involves getting yourself prepared for treatment.

After this, things tend to move a touch faster which should make it easier for you to get the work that you need to be carried out. Most of the time is then spent waiting for appointments which are often over quite quickly. So, you will need to be ready to preach the art of patience during this critical time.

The timeline, from start to finish can be hard to keep up with, but it’s relatively easy to understand. What makes changes to the timetable take place, though? 

Understanding changes to the Fertility Implantation Timeline

Fertility timeline

Remember that as part of your IVF implantation timeline you need to spend a lot of time waiting for results to come back. This can be from your eggs and your embryos to making sure that medication is working as intended. This naturally adds more time to the experience, as the whole episode needs you to put more time in to get the right results.

This is a natural part of the process. There is nothing wrong with delays or complications. This is a complex process, so it is to be expected issues will arise as time goes on. However, understanding the changes to your Fertility implantation timeline is very important for ensuring you can be mentally prepared.

Studies show that mental health becomes a major topic of importance during Fertility Treatment, so preparing for setbacks and complications will ensure you’re better prepared. A lack of preparation will make it harder to keep yourself focused on the task at hand: giving birth to a healthy child. 

Being able to know how long does the treatment takes from start to finish, then, will hopefully add a touch of comfort. You should look to find out rough timelines during your treatment consultation, as it is much more likely to be accurate according to your situation. 

Getting to grips with the stages of Fertility Treatment

The first thing that you should understand with the stages of IVF is that so many factors will change the process for you.

For example, your age and what your health tests show will make a big difference to how you handle and go about your Fertility Treatment. If you keep that in mind, then you should be much more likely to be able to handle the changes in the timeline for each stage.

It’s important that you maintain a realistic appraisal of what is to come, though. While the stages of treatment get easier with every passing year, complications can arise. Our bodies are unique, and what works easily for someone else might be more challenging for you. This is why you need to appreciate that there will be times when the Fertility stages become delayed.

If you can get used to the idea that this will happen, you should find it much easier to come out the other side in a more optimistic frame of mind. Whatever you do, though, it pays to spend a bit more time looking into your history. Don’t allow yourself to get overly caught up on standard times: IVF for you will take the time that it takes: no more, no less. 

Think about what the procedure of the treatment is helping to achieve: the birth of a human lifeform.

For that, it will be beneficial to accept this will take time. While the typical timeline for each stage of Fertility Treatment might change, the final objective won’t.

What types of IVF exist?

Types of IVF

Another element to remember about In vitro Fertility Treatment is that many types exist. The best techniques for your needs will be entirely dependent on your condition prior to starting off. At the moment, the most popular types of treatment that people undergo include: 

  • ICSI IVF. This technique is very popular and is a common form of fertility treatment. The ICSI treatment fertilises the egg using a device known as a micromanipulator, injecting the sperm into the egg in a lab-based environment beforehand. 
  •  IVF. This form, naturally, is about allowing for a natural entrance for the sperm into the egg. While carried out in the lab format, there is no micromanipulation to help make sure that the process succeeds. 
  • NCIVF. Natural Cycle In vitro Fertility Treatment, is for women who wish to go with minimal to no hormone medications. This is more of an adjustment to the preparation for IVF than a direct form of treatment. 
  •  IUI. A common kind of In vitro Fertility Treatment, IUI is used for direct injection of the sperm into the uterus of a woman, avoiding egg collection entirely: cost-effective, with lower success rates. 
  • Blastocyst. The name of the embryo come day five, and on the fifth day most of the time a blastocyst transfer will take place to start the process.

Being able to understand and appreciate the various techniques used is very important.

You will soon find that you get all the help that you need to make more intelligent calls about the kind of In Vitro Fertility Treatment that is suitable for you. Of course, during any sort of consultation, you will be made aware of each of the options which might best fit your own needs.

The hormones used in IVF

Follicle Stimulating Hormone - Luteinising Hormone 

One of the most valuable things to know about IVF is the hormones that used.

Even some people tend to go without, as noted in the ‘Natural Cycle IVF’ treatment above, they play a greater role in success rates of treatment on many occasions.

If you are not planning to go through Natural Cycle, then it helps to understand what hormonal treatments you receive.

This often includes key treatments such as:

  • Gonadotrophins Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH). This hormone is one which is primarily produced by the pituitary gland and is commonly used to help regulate the function of our ovaries and our testicles. An inefficiency in this hormone plays a leading role in infertility in both men and women. 
  • Luteinising Hormone (LH). Also produced by your pituitary gland, this is used to help control our ability to reproduce. Naturally, then getting more LH into the system will help to make sure that you are much more likely to see an increase in production capability thanks to the rise in LH levels.

These are the two most common hormones used in In vitro Fertility Treatment and tend to give you a better idea of what you will be going through. As ever this will be evaluated in person during a consultation.

Understanding Success Rates

If you take a look around at the numerous IVF statistics out there, you might be shocked to see our IVF treatments success rates that are so high in comparison.

The modern form of IVF is far more thorough and secure than previously.

For this reason, it helps you to understand that success rates are improving all the time. 

For example, at the moment the success rates for those aged 20-29 have as much as a 56% chance of success.

Even those aged 40+ have a 14% chance of success: that’s a much higher success rate than was available even a few short years ago.

Please be aware that these are success rates for actual pregnancies, not live birth rates. Live birth success rates are often 10-15% on the percentage given above. Naturally, success rates are mostly dictated by age, health and fertility history.

What is the standard IVF cost of treatment?

IVF treatment costs around the world

When it comes to the IVF cost today, too, you will be happy to know that the price is much more affordable today. However, it still depends where you go. For example, the cost from one nation to the next can be hugely different from one another.

It’s important to remember that, as Fertility Treatment does need to be cost-effective to be viable.

The cost in some locations can be far more affordable. For example, the IVF services cost is around €3,000 in some areas. Given the price that you might find in your own home country, that might be a much more affordable proposition for you.

Just remember that the cost in one nation is different to that of another nation: perhaps even the country next door. There is no universal, agreed-upon rate for IVF.

Should you go for fertility treatment abroad?

Of course, as mentioned above, the cost of In-Vitro Fertility Treatment abroad can be far more accessible to you.

Understanding the benefits of undertaking IVF in another country is always a worthwhile experience. You should always look to fully understand the options open to you both at home and abroad.

Panoramic view of Kyrenia - Cyprus

Using a clinic in Cyprus

Going with an IVF clinic in Cyprus can offer you high-quality treatment, reliable care and a wonderful cost in comparison to what you might be paying for the same treatment at home. 

This will help to make sure that you can get maximum value, hugely reducing the financial impact on undergoing this treatment. If you want to start moving forward with regards to using a clinic abroad, then locations like Cyprus have garnered a reputation for being safe, secure and prosperous locations to come and visit.

Not only will you find that using an IVF clinic in Cyprus helps to make the process more affordable, the rich climate and affordable cost of living in Cyprus mean coming here for treatment can be a great way to relax as you both prepare for a future with children.

Which is the best fertility clinic in Europe?

Fertility clinics in Europe

Of course, with Europe being such an extensive collection of developed nations, many clinics claim to be the best clinic in Europe. We recommend that you take the time to look upon our comprehensive guide about the best clinics in Europe for IVF treatment

This will not only vastly improve how you choose, but it offers a much-needed level of detail and scope about the best Fertility clinics in Europe.

Dunya IVF is rated 4th on this prestigious ranking, which is a major achievement given the sheer amount of competition across the continent.

Finding the best IVF clinics for over 40s

DunyaIVF Fertility clinic in Cyprus 

Of course, success rates for those over the age of 40 can drop by a significant margin. We find that drops of as much as 31% from the ages of 35-39 to 40+ can be visible.

However, this means taking the time to find a clinic that specialises in helping those in their 30s to have a child through IVF.

While success rates are lower, there are specialist clinics who can help you to make the right choice. Should you prefer to take part in a more trustworthy, professional experience for a 40+ treatment plan, then we recommend that you take a closer look at the best over 40 IVF clinics to enhance your chances of success.

How to live life to the full after IVF transfer

Symptoms in pregnancy after fertility treatment 

When it comes to dealing with life after IVF, you might be unsure of what comes next. This can be easily sorted, though, by reading out guide to life after Fertility transfer. This will help you to get fully prepared and ready for the challenges ahead, making sure that you can get all the help you need to make the most of this amazing, gratifying experience.

More importantly, you will also find that life after treatment is much easier purely down to the richness of opportunity that it provides you with. Now, you can better understand why post-IVF is so important. You’ll learn how to better care for yourself during what can be a trying, fraught experience.

This can take away from much of the negativity around the experience. From a lack of knowledge on how to handle setbacks to ensure you know what is and is not a sign of problems, our after IVF transfer article will make it easier for you to stay safe during this unique part of the experience to produce the best results.

Time Lapse Embryo Imaging (Embryoscope)

Timelapse Embryo Imaging 

Time-lapse embryo imaging (Embryoscope) has become very popular recently. It’s one of the best ways to help make the IVF experience even more enjoyable for those who are taking part in their Fertility Treatment. With time-lapse embryo imaging (Embryoscope), you can start to better manage the experience by using the eye of a very powerful microscope.

This allows for you to see the embryo development in the lab before the implantation of the egg into the uterus. This is very useful as it allows for a closer examination of embryo count and to help make sure that there is a better level of control over embryo shape and the division of cells.

Naturally, this can help to reduce many of the problems that you might have with regards to your fertility. It also helps you to see a higher quality of analysis to come through, combined with faster, more accurate development of the embryo over time.

This helps to avoid choosing embryos with defects, and will also play a key role in helping to improve the success rate of your embryos over a quite significant period. Done right, time-lapse embryo imaging (Embryoscope),  will help to add an extra layer of accuracy to the overall analysis.

However, it’s important to note that time-lapse embryo imaging, will NOT improve the quality of an embryo – and they are not available to all.

Since it can only take place during certain times of the day, too, it does risk the disturbance of the culture conditions in which the egg grows.

Still unsure about fertility treatment?

Given the sheer scale and challenge of IVF, it pays to invest more time and effort into the treatment plan as a whole. This is why we recommend that you take a look at the treatment from your perspective.

Working with IVF experts in Cyprus, for example, opens up the chance to improve how you look at the treatment. Answers will become apparent, and you will soon feel much more confident about the pros and cons of the situation.

While In Vitro Fertility Treatment is still changing and growing all the time, we know far more about it today than we did yesterday – and that will only continue to be the case.

Need more information? Contact Dunya IVF Clinic today, and arrange a consultation to talk in closer detail about this subject.

IVF Treatment FAQ


Let us make the dream come true

Dunya IVF’s team of experts will be happy to inform you regarding all fertility treatment options available, and recommend the optimal way forward for your specific circumstances. Contact us today and let us help you make the dream of parenthood a reality!

A few words from happy parents

Very good clinic, super doctor took good care of me. Clinic is very nice and IVF was successful. Dunya Clinic is amazing I recommend!
- Tinka Cole
Cyprus Dunya IVF Clinic doesn't throw words around.. They have done everything they promised! You can trust them! There you can find a wonderful atmosphere, helpful and friendly staff. Also there is a good service and attitude towards patients, and smart doctors. I recommend it, you won't regret it! Of course in terms of achieving your goal (to have babies) an individual approach applies, as they are not God, but they will do their best and everything necessary to make happy all couples that dream to have babies! They made us happy and, thank God, we are 3 months pregnant now...:)))) Thank you so much to all employees of Cyprus Dunya IVF Clinic!!!
- Arek Kharlamov
After 15 years of soooo many treatments in 4 countries (Switzerland, Austria, Turkey, Cyprus) I am first time in my life pregnant. I am so happy and thankful that I found Dünya IVF before I gave up forever.
- Chaput Tanja Jäggi

Related Blog Articles

Keep up with the latest developments of IVF at our blog