embryo transfer

What is the embryo transfer procedure?

Embryo transfer is an IVF procedure used by couples where both the male sperm and females eggs cannot normally result in pregnancy.  It is also commonly referred to as egg and sperm donation.
Even though it is a rare occurrence, there are cases where both the male and female have an infertility problem preventing the use of own egg and sperm. In such a scenario, a suitable egg and a suitable sperm donor has to be found for the couple to become pregnant. There are several highly reputable sperm banks, which respectable IVF clinics use to source sperm. In the case of egg donors, however, usually fresh eggs are locally sourced in the country of the IVF clinic. The donated egg is then fertilized with the donated sperm and the embryo is created which is then transferred to the couple having the fertility problem. This makes it possible for the normally infertile couple to achieve pregnancy with a very high success rate if fertile egg and sperm donors are used. 
Embryo donation procedure is an extremely simple process for the receiving couple as all the preparation for IVF is done on the donors. The receiver couple is only involved at the last stage of the IVF procedure, which is the embryo transfer phase where the healthy embryo is implanted to the receiver’s uterus.
Many people consider embryo donation to be similar to adoption, as the newborn will not be genetically related to the receiving couple. However, the receiver couple has the added advantage of going through the pregnancy process, giving birth and looking after their newborn from day one, making many infertile couples significantly prefer embryo donation over adoption. 
Embryo donation is offered in a limited number of countries in the world as the availability of the procedure depends on the country’s IVF laws. In general, countries offering egg or sperm donation also allow embryo donation. Therefore, infertile couples living in countries where donation is not allowed choose to travel abroad in order to become pregnant which has given rise to the fertility tourism. 
IVF techniques have become so advanced that even for infertile couples where pregnancy is not normally possible, a 75% chance of pregnancy from the first trial is possible with embryo donation.


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