Implication of Cysts, Myomas and Polyps in IVF Treatment Success Rates Cyprus Dunya IVF Fertility Clinic

Implication of Cysts, Myomas and Polyps in IVF Treatment Success Rates

Motherhood is spoken to be a noble feeling. It is impossible to compare the feeling of a woman who embraces her baby for the first time or the excitement she goes through the moment she learns she is pregnant with any other feeling. However, some medical conditions can prevent pregnancy no matter how much a mother-to-be wants to conceive. Nevertheless, as a result of advances in technology and intense study in this area in recent years, opportunity exists in conceiving with IVF treatment. IVF treatment process requires patience. Even though IVF has a higher success rate compared to other assisted reproduction techniques, 100% success rate is not guaranteed.

Certain medical conditions in women’s ovaries can affect IVF treatment process negatively. Cysts, myomas and polyps have a negative effect on IVF treatment process. Ovarian cysts can be defined as liquid non-invasive bulges which can be experienced during ovulation each month usually disappearing on their own. Even though they seem to be harmless, these cysts may cause negative results in some cases. These cysts which are caused by certain hormonal or physical conditions may delay the menstrual cycle, may become permanent and may proceed into an invasive nature. These cysts may need to be operated. Cysts can in some cases also affect fertility of women. Cysts which take up a large space in the egg can reduce egg reserves upon surgery. This condition also affects IVF treatment process negatively.  

Ovarian treatment does not affect start of IVF treatment as long as the hormone levels are normal. Cysts can be reduced in size by medication, if this method does not work then cyst aspiration is used which allows for removal of the liquid in the cyst via a needle.  Women who don’t want their ovarian cysts affect their fertility or IVF treatment negatively, should have regular checks. Myomas are most common non-invasive tumours in women.

Genetic factors are prevalent in myoma formation. Myoma symptoms are bleeding and abdominal pain. Severity of symptoms depends on the quantity and size of myomas. Especially myomas which grow in the uterus wall or in the uterus, negatively affect IVF treatment. Therefore myomas growing towards the uterus need to be removed. 

It is important to be careful when removing and burning myomas in order not to damage the uterus. At this point, doctor’s knowledge and experience is critical.  Nevertheless, many patients have conceived with no problems despite myomas. Consequently, a treatment method depending on the size, location of the myoma and the age of the woman, will be chosen. Myomas growing towards the uterus do not cause any problems in IVF treatment in most cases. 

Polyp is defined as a piece of skin forming in the uterus due to thickening of the inner layer of the uterus. Polyps which can be experienced in women of all ages are usually non-invasive. They are more commonly seen before and during menopause. Polyps forming in the uterus can cause severe bleeding. As a result, polyps make it more difficult to become pregnant and increase the risk of miscarriage. Women with inter-uterus polyps can conceive easier with IVF treatment. Based on research, polyps which are smaller than 2cm does not affect the success of IVF treatment however increase the risk of miscarriage in pregnancy. Therefore, polypectomy done before starting IVF treatment will increase the chances of pregnancy and decrease the chances of miscarriage.

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